THE FEAST OF TRUMPETS – YOM TERUAH
THE HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF THE FEAST
“Yom T'Ruach,” Trumpets, is also known as “Rosh Hashanah,” meaning the Jewish New Year. Originally, Tishri was the first month of the Year. However, YHWH Elohim declared Nisan (originally the seventh month) to be the first month of the year. Scripturally, Nisan is the beginning of the Spiritual year, whereas Tishri (which is now the seventh month) is the beginning of the civil year. We know from the Word that musical instruments are at times incorporated into their celebrations. However, this feast is entirely dependent on one musical instrument, the trumpet. “Yom T'Ruach” was a day when the Shofar (the ram's horn) was blown in the Temple and throughout the land of Israel. This feast prophetically speaks of the in-gathering of Israel to Zion, the City of Jerusalem and to the Land of Israel just before the glorious return of Yahushua Messiah (Yahushua HaMashiach) and the catching away of the faithful, the Bride.
“Yom T'Ruach,” the feast of Trumpets is unique and very special. This is the only feast of YHWH that occurs on the first day of the month, and on the seventh month. This is directly related to the importance of the number seven in the Word and the occurrence of the New Moon. The Word tells us that the seventh day (the Sabbath) and the seventh year were to be holy according the Torah (instructions). With Tishri being the seventh month, it obviously prophetically speaks of special blessings for those who love Elohim! In Biblical days, the New Moon was always announced by the blowing of the Shofar. These were to be a number of short blasts. However, the New Moon of the seventh month was celebrated by a number of long blasts of the Shofar, thus the feast of the sounding of trumpets. This proves to us that this feast has a special solemnity and that Tishri is unique among all the months. In fact, prophetically, this month speaks of completion of one stage, as well as a new beginning.
Exodus 20:8-11 “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to YHWH your Elohim. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in six days YHWH made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore YHWH blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
Leviticus 25:4 But in the seventh year the land is to have a sabbath of rest, a sabbath to YHWH. Do not sow your fields or prune your vineyards.
The Feast of Trumpets (Yom T’Ruach) is held on the first two days of Tishri in the sacred calendar. In the Jewish civil calendar, it is the first of Nissan. The reason that it is held on two days is that the determination of the start of a new month was made by observation of the moon. Every month begins on the new moon. When a new moon was observed, it was relayed to the priests and the declaration of the start of the new month was made. This is the only feast that starts on the very first day of a month. Just in case they might miss the new moon of Tishri, it is celebrated for two days.
The Feast of Trumpets is so important in Jewish thinking that it stands alongside Yom Kippur ("Day of Atonement") to comprise what Judaism calls "the high holy days" on the Jewish religious calendar. It begins the "ten days of awe" before the Day of Atonement. According to Leviticus 23:24-27, the celebration consisted of a time of rest, "an offering made by fire," and the blowing of the trumpets.
Trumpets in the Word
There are always two trumpets spoken of in the Word. One trumpet prophetically represents the in gathering of Israel and the other is to herald the coming of the King of kings and Lord of lords, when he comes to meet his bride in the air!
The Ram’s Horn - Shofar
These curved horns came from the sacrificial bullock or the ram. These horns were used at the fall of the walls of Jericho.
Joshua 6:4-5 Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams’ horns in front of the ark. On the seventh day, march around the city seven times, with the priests blowing the trumpets. When you hear them sound a long blast on the trumpets, have all the people give a loud shout; then the wall of the city will collapse and the people will go up, every man straight in.”
Trumpets of Silver
Silver is the metal of redemption, thus two silver trumpets clearly indicates that Elohim always intended the plan of redemption to be for the House of Israel and the House of Judah alike.
Numbers 10:2-3 “Make two trumpets of hammered silver, and use them for calling the community together and for having the camps set out. When both are sounded, the whole community is to assemble before you at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.
During the first Temple there were one hundred and twenty silver trumpets proving their importance. Priests sounded silver trumpets over the sacrifices as a memorial to YHWH.
Numbers 10:10 Also at your times of rejoicing—your appointed feasts and New Moon festivals—you are to sound the trumpets over your burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, and they will be a memorial for you before your Elohim. I am YHWH your Elohim.”
An Historical Observation
1. The Israelites had two silver trumpets that were used to call the people together and to signal directions as they journeyed to the Promised Land. Trumpeters were apparently stationed at regular intervals to pass the signal through the entire camp. (Remember, there were two to four million Israelites camped around the Tabernacle).
2. The Feast of Trumpets took place on the first day of the seventh month.
3. This is also called Rosh Hashanah: the beginning of the Jewish New Year.
Prophetic Application for the Nation of Israel
• Elohim established the use of trumpets to communicate with the entire nation.
• It would seem that this memorial would be to remind the nation that Elohim would call them together and would fulfill all of His covenants with His chosen people.
• This is prophesied in the Scriptures.
Joel 2:1 Blow the trumpet in Zion; sound the alarm on my holy hill. Let all who live in the land tremble, for the day of YHWH is coming. It is close at hand—
Joel 2:15 Blow the trumpet in Zion, declare a holy fast, call a sacred assembly.
Matthew 24:29-31 “Immediately after the distress of those days “‘the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.’ “At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory. And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.
• The nation of Israel (both houses) is a scattered people and this memorial speaks of a time when the Elohim will gather His people together.
Prophetic Application for the Body of Messiah
The interval of time between the last of the spring feasts (Pentecost or Weeks) and the first of the fall feasts (Trumpets) corresponds to the present Church Age. In other words, we are presently living between Israel's fourth and fifth feasts. The outpouring of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost started the Church Age; and Trumpets, which will signal Messiah's second coming to gather the believers and judge the wicked, will end the Church Age.
• The application for us today is that one day there will be a sound of a trumpet that will gather all believers unto YHWH.
• We refer to this event as the Rapture.
• Paul describes it for us in the New Testament.
1 Thessalonians 4:16 For YHWH himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of Elohim, and the dead in Messiah will rise first.
1 Corinthians 15:52 in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.
We are waiting for the “Day of the Lord” and the seventh trumpet of Revelation to call us out of this world. As we work and wait, we are to patiently endure and be involved in the harvest. Yahushua is coming soon! Let's be faithful to serve Him now until He comes.
The need for watchfulness and preparedness in connection with the Feast of Trumpets is echoed and reechoed throughout the New Testament in connection with Messiah's coming:
Matthew 24:42 “Therefore keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come.
1 Thessalonians 5:6 So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep, but let us be alert and self-controlled.
Titus 2:13 while we wait for the blessed hope—the glorious appearing of our great Elohim and Savior, Yahushua Messiah,
Hebrews 9:28 so Messiah was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many people; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.